Women have faced restrictions and roadblocks, especially in the world of classical (concert) music. There are numerous examples dating back centuries of women proscribed from performing music, refused admission to conservatories of music, denied places in orchestras and discouraged from composing music. As late as the end of the 20th century, certain world class orchestras excluded women. In the conducting field this battle is still being played out, as women have yet to attain music director positions with elite orchestras.

Dr. Karl Hinterbichler holds degrees from the University of Michigan and North Texas University. He has performed as a trombonist with the NM Symphony, Santa Fe Opera, Opera Southwest, Santa Fe Symphony, Florida Symphony, and Dallas Symphony. He has given concerts and master classes, and lectured worldwide. His articles, reviews, arrangements, and original compositions have been published in Europe, the US, and Canada. At UNM, he is a professor of music and teaches applied music, chamber music, and music history.