Elizabeth Holguin reviews the immunizations recommended for older adults, when to get them, and what to expect in the days after receiving a given immunization. We also discuss how vaccines are developed, including their safety and efficacy. Influenza, COVID-19, and other immunizations are covered in our discussion, as are immunity and immune health.

Elizabeth Holguin, PhD, MPH, MSN, FNP-BC, is the medical director for Community Health with Presbyterian Healthcare Services. She also works as a nurse practitioner in Urgent Care with Presbyterian Medical Group. She completed her PhD in Nursing & Health Policy as a Robert Wood Johnson Nursing & Health Policy Collaborative fellow. Holguin has largely focused her career on global and public health.