This presentation will review the practice of incorporating Indian captives into Hispano and Pueblo households in Spanish, Mexican, and early Territorial New Mexico. We will examine how Indian captives were acquired and how they were valued – ranging from those who were regarded as adopted children to those considered chattel to be purchased, sold, and given as inheritances or part of commercial transactions.

Robert J. Tórrez served an the New Mexico State Historian from 1987 to 2000. He is the author of several books and has contributed to numerous anthologies and textbooks. Since 1992 has published more that three hundred columns on a broad variety of New Mexico topics under his monthly “Voices From the Past” byline.