Obviously, there must have been Neanderthal women. For many reasons, they barely have been noticed in most evolutionary accounts. Recent analyses and perspectives have brought more attention to this situation, and the findings are helping to fill out their largely missing portion of Neanderthal life history. At last, we see Neanderthal women become more than a passing aside as a fuller picture of Neanderthal life develops.

Dave Weaver received his doctorate in physical anthropology from UNM. After 25 years at Wake Forest University, he returned to New Mexico. He has worked in North and Central America, Europe, and Africa on human skeletal analysis, forensic anthropology, bone microstructure, human evolution, and osteoporosis. In retirement, he volunteers for the US Forest Service, the Sandia Mountain Natural History Center, and Animal Humane New Mexico, and travels as much as possible.